Bangladesh has a vibrant and historied literary culture. The National Poet of Bangladesh is Kazi Nazrul Islam, sometimes referred to as "The Rebel Poet," following the publication of his poem The Rebel, originally published in 1922 and coinciding with the non-cooperation movement against British rule.
This notoriety landed Nazrul in jail for sedition, but that did not break his spirit, and he penned a large number of poems while behind bars. Those poems were banned by the British government.
Nazrul Islam passed away in 1976 at the age of 77, but his spirit lives on through his legacy of beautiful poetry.
For more on the life and works of Nazrul, visit the Kazi Nazrul Islam page maintained by Dr. Mohammad Omar Farooq.